Do you find yourself suffering from back pain lately? Do you feel more susceptible to bone fractures? Perhaps even a little physical activity is resulting in a lot of joint pain? Beware this could be an indicator for the onset of osteoporosis. This bone disease originates from the Latin word porous bones. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 in Karachi, Pakistan with a group of 500 participants out of which 78.4% were females and 21.6% were males. Bone mineral density was measured at the Calcaneus using the speed of sound using quantitative ultrasound technique. A structured questionnaire indicated the prevalence of osteoporosis was 32.6% amongst females and 24% amongst males. The presence of osteopenia, however, was 44.5%. 42.6% among females and 51% for males. The common denominators for low bone mineral density were office work for both genders, the female gender itself, age, normal to overweight, lack of sun exposure, lack of physical activity, smoking amongst males, intake of steroids, lack of calcium intake and smokeless tobacco in females and males. Apart from these factors, a history of fractures by participants or their parents, depression or diabetes all showed a correlation.
The basic interior of bones of a healthy body contains small spaces similar to a honeycomb. However, the size of these spaces enlarges in patients suffering from osteoporosis. This leads to loss of density and strength. Though it can occur in any age group, it is the most common amongst elders, especially women. Those who are susceptible to developing this ailment are at high risk of bone breakage and fractures while going about their daily routine. The most commonly affected areas include wrists, hips, ribs and spinal cord. There are several measures one can take to ward off bone diseases which include vitamin D3 supplements. Herbion Cilavit D Chewable Tablet is a potent supplement which provides vitamin-D3. Vitamin D-3 benefits for strong bones, teeth, immune system and diabetic health
When to Visit a Doctor
In most cases, there are no visible warning signs present at the onset of osteoporosis. People usually don’t know they have this ailment until they have a fracture. However, some symptoms may include weak grip, brittle nails and receding gums. If in case, you have a family history of low bone mineral density or you take corticosteroids or went through early menopause then it is best to consult to your doctor to assess the risk of development.
Risk Factors for Low Bone Mineral Density
Your bones are continually renewing themselves based on what you feed it. When you’re young the body generates new bones faster and the bone mass increases. Most people have the highest level of bone mass by their early 20’s. As you start to age, you lose bone mass faster than it is created. Your risk of developing iis directly correlated to how much bone mass you acquire in your youth. The higher the level, the more bone health you will have stored for the future, thereby making you less likely to develop i. Risk factors include the following:
- Age: The older you are, the more likely you are to develop this ailment.
- Family History:Having a family member with this ailment puts you at a higher risk of developing it.
- Race:People of Asian or white descent are predisposed to developing it.
- Gender:Though men have it as well, women are genetically predisposed to developing it.
- Height:Short heighted people are at a higher risk than those with a tall build, because they have less bone mass to draw out from.
- Low in Calcium Intake: Calcium deficiency can contribute immensely to early bone loss and a high risk of fractures.
- Gastrointestinal Surgery:This type of surgery results in a limited amount of surface available to absorb calcium and nutrients.
- Eating Disorders:avoiding certain foods and being underweight can weaken bone mass in both genders.
- Thyroid Problems:People who take thyroid hormones are at risk of developing bone loss.
- Hormones:The reduction of estrogen levels in women and testosterone levels in men can result in accelerated bone loss.
- Other:This ailment is also linked with overactive adrenal glands and parathyroid.
Your risks of contracting iincrease if you have any of the following illnesses:
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Celiac disease
- Multiple myelomas
- Liver or Kidney disease
- Rheumatoid arthritis
Medications Which Can Cause it
Osteoporosis is linked with the intake of certain medicines used to prevent the following illnesses:
- Gastric Reflux
- Transplant rejection
- Lifestyle: Those who remain seated all day are at a higher risk of developing i. Activities which promote good posture and exercises such as dancing, weightlifting, running, jumping and walking all are helping ward off this ailment.
- Alcohol: Those with a drinking problem or an intake of more than two alcoholic drinks per day are at a higher risk of developing i.
- Tobacco: Those who enjoy smoking are likely to develop this disease.
Ways to Counteract
- Calcium: Everyone from ages 18 to 50 requires 1,000 milligrams of calcium per day. This amount increases to 1,200 milligrams when men turn 70 and women cross 50. Therefore, you should add soy products such as tofu, low-fat dairy products, leafy vegetables, sardines with bones, canned salmon, orange juice and calcium-fortified cereals to your diet.
- Body Weight: Being underweight can increase your risk of bone loss and having excess weight can increase your risk of fractures. Hence maintaining the correct body weight is vital for good health.
- Protein: A protein-rich diet is essential for good bone health. Even if you are a vegetarian, you can get protein by adding nuts, soy, legumes, eggs and dairy into your diet.
- Vitamin D: The presence of vitamin D in your body determines the absorption of calcium. Sunlight is the best source of vitamin D. If you are someone who avoids sunlight or lives a lifestyle that does not give you adequate sun exposure, then opting for Herbion Naturals Cilavit D Chewable Tablets can be beneficial to you. Our best vitamin D supplement stimulates immunological processes, reduces the risk of diabetes mellitus, maintains teeth and bone health.
- Exercise: Working out can minimize bone loss and help build stronger bones. Though exercising benefits at any age, it is most beneficial if you begin at a young age and continue to work out throughout your life. Balance, weight-bearing and strength training exercises are the most helpful to bone health. Examples of which include jogging, running, walking, skipping, climbing and tai chi.